What is a Fuser Assembly?
The fuser assembly is the part in a Copier, Laser printer or Laser Fax Machine that fuses the toner to the paper. Toner is made of crushed plastic and carbon black for color. Once the image is transferred to the paper you need to fuse (melt) it into the paper. If you have ever stopped the paper before it goes through the fuser you would find that the toner will come right off. It needs to be fused. There are two important steps to fusing and those are…
- Heat; Heat is applied to a teflon or non-stick upper roller or sleeve/film with halogen lamps or a heater element.
- Pressure; Pressure is used for fusing toner to the paper with a pressure or lower roller. They use heavy springs on the front and rear side that press the lower roller to the upper roller or film to aid in fusing.
Ghosting, double images, streaking, black lines and smudges; also Jamming are Symptoms of a Bad Fuser
These marks are often on the top and bottom of the pages. These symptoms are caused from the teflon material on the upper roller or film being worn off, ripped or scored. The solution is to replace the fuser as an assembly or replace the worn roller or film parts.
Error code; If a problem exists indicating a fuser problem it will stop the machine from operating and give an error code. The codes are all different for each make and model. There are three major items that go bad on a fuser assembly that would give an error code.
- The lamp or the heater element is bad
- The thermal fuse is bad.
- The thermistor is bad. (temperature sensing device)
There are a few other problems you may encounter with a fuser such as; Broken gears, bad lower roller, jamming (this is most likely a bad roller)
Wrinkling/Wrinkles in the Paper
This can be caused by a dirty fuser entrance guide. If the toner builds up in a certain area on the entrance guide it will cause the paper to skew or go into the rollers at a bad angle. This can also cause jamming. The lower roller can also cause wrinkling in the paper when the rubber that is attached to the metal roller inside becomes separated.
Separator Fingers; These scrape or separate the paper off of the roller because the paper tends to stick to the upper roller and needs help to seperate it off of the roller. (that is why they use a Teflon material on the upper roller/fim) These scrapers build up with toner, wear down and break causing jamming. Accordion jams are one of the types of jams you would get in the fuser. It folds up the paper in an accordion because the paper can’t get past the fuser.
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